Pajamas or pyjamas, frequently shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can make reference to numerous associated varieties of clothes originating from your Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[one] but often also for lounging, also by the two sexes. Extra frequently, pajamas may well consult with numerous clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from traditional pajamas and involving variations of style and material.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[six] The original pyjāmā are unfastened, lightweight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Organization rule in India.[seven]
The worldwide use of pajamas (the word and the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India during the 18th and 19th generations, along with the British affect on the wider Western globe throughout the Victorian era. Pajamas were released to England as "lounging attire" as early because the seventeenth century, then referred to as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) but they before long fell away from manner. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the main half in the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a fashion in Britain along with the Western earth as sleeping apparel for men right up until the Victorian interval, from about 1870.[nine]
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of use at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
Such a garment is used by different people in India e.g. by women of various classes, by Sikh Gentlemen, and most by Mohammedans of the two sexes. It had been adopted within the Mohammedans by Europeans being an short article of dishabille and of evening attire, and is particularly synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It really is probable that we English took the practice like a good quite a few Other folks in the Portuguese. Therefore Pyrard (c. 1610) suggests, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont pressure calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word is currently used in London outlets. A pal furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty decades in the past, in reply to an issue why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was in some cases the situation with People furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it's because of the White Ants."[ten]
Classic pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers mixture made from gentle fabric, for instance flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket component commonly contains a placket front and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] A lot of people decide to snooze or lounge in just the pajama trousers, possibly using a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Because of this, pajama trousers for men and boys in many cases are offered as separates.
In colloquial speech, these common pajamas in many cases are known as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally known as evening suits.
Some pajamas function a fall seat (generally known as a trap doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening during the seat, built to enable the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats had been very common on pajamas built before the fifties, but within the early twenty-to start with century They may be alternatively uncommon.
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Present-day pajamas are derived from conventional pajamas. There are lots of versions in model like quick sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of various size,[sixteen] or, every now and then, 1-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating a variety of products. Chiefly within the US, stretch-knit sleep apparel with rib-knit trimmings are typical. Normally worn by little ones, these clothes generally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a person-piece), and may also be footed.
Although pajamas are generally distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments for example nightgowns, during the US, they may have sometimes integrated the latter like a best. Babydoll pyjamas Have a very form of small costume top rated about shorts or shorter trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may well currently check with Women of all ages's mix daywear, specifically in the US where they turned preferred during the early twentieth century, consisting of shorter-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Samples of these incorporate capri pajamas, Seashore pajamas, and pidžame hostess pajamas.